Primary Source Documents

More Equal Than Others (Influencing the Political Process)

The Gerry-mander

First broadside printing of Gerry-mander map of Essex County. Salem, Mass., 1812. View Source

 

Electoral College Map - Votes by State

Electoral College votes as of 2010 census. View Source

 

Electoral College Resolution

Proposed amendment to abolish the Electoral College. March 16, 2005. View Source

 

Citizens United Resolution

Proposed amendment to "limit the corrosive influence of money in our democratic process." January, 2015. View Source

 

Doris "Granny D" Haddock

Political activist Doris "Granny D" Haddock speaking in support of campaign finance reform. View Source

 

DC Vote - Firefighters Poster

Political poster for voting rights in Washington, D.C. View Source

 

Laws & Sausages (The Separation of Powers)

United States Constitution

Articles, I, II, III View Source

 

A Visit to the Big Store

Political cartoon, circa 1912. View Source

 

Making Sausage - Chicago

Photograph, circa 1905. View Source

 

United States v. Nixon

Opinion Announcement - July 24, 1974 Chief Justice Warren E. Burger. View Source

 

Richard Nixon's Resignation Letter

August 9, 1974. View Source

 

Presidential Vetoes

Chart of presidential vetoes by The American Presidency Project. View Source

 

Vote Early, Vote Often (Voting Rights)

First Vote

Illustration in Harper's weekly, November 16, 1867. View Source

 

Grant Proclamation

 

"All Men Free and Equal" proclamation to Congress, 1870. View Source

 

Death at the Polls

Skeleton holding shotgun at polls to prevent African Americans from voting. Published 1879. View Source

 

Suffragists

Suffragists casting votes in New York City, ca. 1917. View Source

 

Voting Rights Act of 1965

An act to enforce the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States. View Source

 

Lyndon Johnson

Signing of the Voting Rights Act, August 6, 1965. View Source

 

The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor

Lithograph published in 1846. View Source

 

16th Amendment Resolution

The 16th Amendment, ratified February 3, 1913. View Source

 

The New Man on the Job

Published 1913. View Source

 

Total Federal Revenue

Total Federal Revenue, 2015. View Source

 

Total Federal Spending

Total Federal Spending, 2015. View Source

 

Senator Robert Taft, 1940

Taft finds tearing the budget a difficult task. Washington, D.C., Jan. 2, 1940. View Source

 

Fair is Not Always Equal (Federalism and States' Rights)

U.S. Constitution, Article 6

View Source

 

The 10th Amendment

View Source

 

Governor George Wallace

Governor George Wallace attempting to block integration at the University of Alabama. View Source

 

Loving v. Virginia

Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. View Source

 

Ruby Bridges

U.S. Marshals escort Ruby Bridges to school on November 14, 1960. View Source

 

Same-Sex Marriage Laws

Same-sex marriage laws prior to 2015 U.S. Supreme Court ruling. View Source