Primary Source Documents

More Equal Than Others (Influencing the Political Process)

The Gerry-mander

First broadside printing of Gerry-mander map of Essex County. Salem, Mass., 1812. View Source


Electoral College Map - Votes by State

Electoral College votes as of 2010 census. View Source


Electoral College Resolution

Proposed amendment to abolish the Electoral College. March 16, 2005. View Source


Citizens United Resolution

Proposed amendment to "limit the corrosive influence of money in our democratic process." January, 2015. View Source


Doris "Granny D" Haddock

Political activist Doris "Granny D" Haddock speaking in support of campaign finance reform. View Source


DC Vote - Firefighters Poster

Political poster for voting rights in Washington, D.C. View Source


Laws & Sausages (The Separation of Powers)

United States Constitution

Articles, I, II, III View Source


A Visit to the Big Store

Political cartoon, circa 1912. View Source


Making Sausage - Chicago

Photograph, circa 1905. View Source


United States v. Nixon

Opinion Announcement - July 24, 1974 Chief Justice Warren E. Burger. View Source


Richard Nixon's Resignation Letter

August 9, 1974. View Source


Presidential Vetoes

Chart of presidential vetoes by The American Presidency Project. View Source


Vote Early, Vote Often (Voting Rights)

First Vote

Illustration in Harper's weekly, November 16, 1867. View Source


Grant Proclamation


"All Men Free and Equal" proclamation to Congress, 1870. View Source


Death at the Polls

Skeleton holding shotgun at polls to prevent African Americans from voting. Published 1879. View Source



Suffragists casting votes in New York City, ca. 1917. View Source


Voting Rights Act of 1965

An act to enforce the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States. View Source


Lyndon Johnson

Signing of the Voting Rights Act, August 6, 1965. View Source


The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor

Lithograph published in 1846. View Source


16th Amendment Resolution

The 16th Amendment, ratified February 3, 1913. View Source


The New Man on the Job

Published 1913. View Source


Total Federal Revenue

Total Federal Revenue, 2015. View Source


Total Federal Spending

Total Federal Spending, 2015. View Source


Senator Robert Taft, 1940

Taft finds tearing the budget a difficult task. Washington, D.C., Jan. 2, 1940. View Source


Fair is Not Always Equal (Federalism and States' Rights)

U.S. Constitution, Article 6

View Source


The 10th Amendment

View Source


Governor George Wallace

Governor George Wallace attempting to block integration at the University of Alabama. View Source


Loving v. Virginia

Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. View Source


Ruby Bridges

U.S. Marshals escort Ruby Bridges to school on November 14, 1960. View Source


Same-Sex Marriage Laws

Same-sex marriage laws prior to 2015 U.S. Supreme Court ruling. View Source